Kitab Tazkiyatun Nafs: A Book on Purifying the Soul
Kitab Tazkiyatun Nafs is a book that discusses the topic of purifying the soul according to Islamic teachings. The word tazkiyatun nafs means \"the purification of the soul\" and it is one of the goals of Islamic spirituality. The book contains various writings from different scholars and authors who have explored this subject in depth, such as Imam al-Ghazali, Said Hawwa, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, and Ibn Taymiyyah.
The book is available in PDF format and can be downloaded for free from various websites. It also has an application that provides a translation of the book in different languages. The book is divided into several chapters that cover topics such as the definition and nature of the soul, the levels and stages of purifying the soul, the methods and means of purifying the soul, the signs and fruits of purifying the soul, and the obstacles and challenges of purifying the soul.
The book is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about Islamic psychology and ethics, and how to improve one's relationship with God and oneself. The book provides practical guidance and advice on how to cleanse one's heart from sins and diseases, and how to attain spiritual excellence and happiness. The book also cites many verses from the Quran and hadiths from the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that support and illustrate the importance of tazkiyatun nafs.
Some of the benefits of tazkiyatun nafs are:
It helps one to achieve inner peace and tranquility.
It strengthens one's faith and trust in God.
It increases one's awareness and consciousness of God.
It enhances one's moral character and behavior.
It protects one from evil influences and temptations.
It prepares one for the hereafter and eternal bliss.
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In this section, we will briefly summarize some of the main points and teachings from each of the authors featured in Kitab Tazkiyatun Nafs.
Imam al-Ghazali (1058-1111) was one of the most influential and renowned scholars of Islam. He was a master of various disciplines, such as theology, jurisprudence, philosophy, mysticism, and ethics. He wrote many books on various topics, but his magnum opus was Ihya Ulum al-Din (The Revival of the Religious Sciences), a comprehensive work that covers all aspects of Islamic spirituality and practice.
In Ihya Ulum al-Din, Imam al-Ghazali devotes a whole section to tazkiyatun nafs, which he calls \"the book of breaking the two desires: the desire of the stomach and the desire of the genitals\". He explains that these two desires are the root causes of all sins and evils, and that one must strive to control and subdue them in order to purify one's soul. He also discusses other diseases of the soul, such as anger, envy, pride, greed, ostentation, hypocrisy, and love of the world. He provides detailed diagnosis and treatment for each disease, using Quranic verses, hadiths, stories, examples, and analogies.
Imam al-Ghazali also outlines the four stages of tazkiyatun nafs: shari'ah (the law), tariqah (the path), haqiqah (the reality), and ma'rifah (the knowledge). He says that shari'ah is the foundation and the prerequisite for tazkiyatun nafs, as it teaches one the basic obligations and prohibitions of Islam. Tariqah is the way of following the example and guidance of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his companions, who were the best models of tazkiyatun nafs. Haqiqah is the state of witnessing and experiencing the truth of God's oneness and power. Ma'rifah is the highest level of tazkiyatun nafs, where one attains direct knowledge and intimacy with God.
Said Hawwa (1935-1989) was a Syrian scholar and activist who was known for his efforts to revive Islamic thought and practice in the modern era. He was influenced by various Islamic movements and thinkers, such as Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi, and Muhammad al-Ghazali. He wrote many books and articles on various topics, such as Quranic exegesis, Islamic law, Islamic history, Islamic education, and Islamic revival.
One of his most famous works is Tazkiyatun Nafs: The Purification of the Soul According to Quranic Teachings. In this book, he argues that tazkiyatun nafs is the essence and purpose of Islam, as it is mentioned in several verses of the Quran. He says that tazkiyatun nafs is not only a personal matter, but also a collective duty for Muslims to reform themselves and their society. He also says that tazkiyatun nafs is not only a spiritual matter, but also a practical one that involves obeying God's commands and avoiding His prohibitions.
Said Hawwa also discusses the three types of souls mentioned in the Quran: al-nafs al-ammarah (the soul that commands to evil), al-nafs al-lawwamah (the soul that blames itself), and al-nafs al-mutma'innah (the soul that is at peace). He explains that these are not fixed categories, but rather stages that one can move between depending on one's actions and intentions. He says that one should strive to overcome al-nafs al-ammarah by repenting from sins and seeking God's forgiveness. One should also strive to improve al-nafs al-lawwamah by increasing one's good deeds and seeking God's pleasure. One should ultimately aim to reach al-nafs al-mutma'innah by surrendering to God's will and trusting in His mercy.
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (1292-1350) was a prominent scholar and student of Ibn Taymiyyah. He was well-versed in various fields of knowledge, such as 9160f4acd4